Potensi minyak atsiri daun jeruk purut sebagai fumigan nabati terhadap Araecerus fasciculatus (De Geer) (Coleoptera: Anthribidae) pada biji kakao di tempat penyimpanan
Keywords:citronellal, fumigation, mortality, olfactometer, repellent
Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) is one of the important commodities in Indonesia. The quality of cocoa beans has decreased during storage, one of which is due to the attack of Araecerus fasciculatus (De Geer). This pest attack can be overcome by fumigation that is safe for the environment through the use of essential oil. The study aimed to examine the mortality and repellent effects of kaffir lime leaves essential oil (KLLEO) to A. fasciculatus and to analyze the compound content of active fraction KLLEO using GC-MS. Research stages included maintenance and insect rearing, toxicity and repellency tests, fractionation, and analysis of active fraction compounds of essential oils. The study was designed using CRD with 6 treatments and 4 replications. The n-hexane fraction of KLLEO caused the highest mortality of A. fasciculatus adults after 72 hours of fumigation. The LD50 and LD95 values of the n-hexane fraction of KLLEO were 0.30 and 1.66 ml/l air, respectively. The dose at 1 ml/l air caused the highest mortality of A. fasciculatus adult by 73.75%. Examine using an olfactometer, KLLEO has high repellency against adult A. fasciculatus with the value of the repellency index reaching 100% at 1 ml/l air. The most dominant compound in the n-hexane fraction of KLLEO was the citronellal. Therefore, the KLLEO has some potential to be expanded as a botanical fumigant towards A. fasciculatus.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Putri Dela Atikah, Idham Sakti Harahap, Dewi Sartiami
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).