Eksplorasi dan uji keragaan parasitoid penggerek buah kapas Pectinophora gossypiella Saunders (Lepidoptera: Gelechidae)


  • nurindah nurindah Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pemanis dan Serat
  • Dwi Adi Sunarto Balai Penelitian Tanaman Tembakau dan Serat
  • Sujak Sujak Balai Penelitian Tanaman Tembakau dan Serat




Gossypiun hirsutum, Pectinophora gossypiella, Tichogrammatoidea, Apanteles


Pink bollworm, P. gossypiella, is a main pest of cotton that causes boll damage up to 70%. Recommended IPM has not effectively control this pest. The use of parasitoids of this pest is one of strategy to manage this pest population as using chemical control is expensive and caused secondary pest. This research objective is to study some biological aspects of pink bollworm parasitoids by doing exploration of the parasitoids in cotton growing areas and testing the potential candidates as biocontrol agents. The activity was conducted from April - December 2001. The research was conducted in two steps: survey and laboratory tests. The survey was conducted in East Java (Asembagus and Lamongan), Central Java (Brebes) and South Sulawesi (Bone) by collecting pink bollworm eggs and identifying the emerged parasitoids. Laboratory tests were done in Biological Control Laboratory of ITFCRI, Malang, consists of reproductive performance aspects. We found two and five species of egg and larval parasitoids, respectively. Parasitism level of egg was 81% by Tichogrammatoidea spp. and that of larva was 24% by Apanteles sp. These two parasitoids are predominant and found in all cotton growing areas. Tichogrammatoidea spp. have opportunity to be used as biocontrol agent in release program, while Apanteles sp. would have valuable role in conservation approach.



How to Cite

nurindah, nurindah, Sunarto, D. A., & Sujak, S. (2017). Eksplorasi dan uji keragaan parasitoid penggerek buah kapas Pectinophora gossypiella Saunders (Lepidoptera: Gelechidae). Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia, 1(1), 18. https://doi.org/10.5994/jei.1.1.18