https://jurnal.pei-pusat.org/index.php/jei/issue/feed Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia 2022-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 Prof. Dr. Damayanti Buchori, MSc. editor@jurnal.pei-pusat.org Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia</strong> (JEI) publishes original research article, reviews, and short communications that covers the basic and applied aspect of insects and mites or other arthropods in agriculture, forestry, human and animal health, and natural resources and environmental management. The journal is published by the <a href="http://pei-pusat.org" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Entomological Society of Indonesia</a> (Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia-Pengurus Pusat) in collaboration with the <a href="https://ptn.ipb.ac.id/cms/en/home" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Department of Plant Protection</a>, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University. JEI was first published at the beginning of 2004, twice per year in frequency in March and September. Since 2015, Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia has been published three times per year in March, July, and November. </p> <p>JEI is an open-access, peer-reviewed journal that has been Accredited (2022-2026) base on Ministerial Decree of the Minister of Research and Technology/Head of National Research and Innovation Agency of the Republic of Indonesia No. 105/E/KPT/2022</p> <p>Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia has been registered in Crossref, DOAJ, Indonesian Publication Index (IPI),<a href="https://sinta.ristekbrin.go.id/journals/detail?id=1058" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> SINTA Rank 2</a>, Google Scholar, Portal Garuda, CiteFactor, and other scientific databases. </p> <p><a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1365388032">E-ISSN: 2089-0257</a></p> <p><a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1180427431">P-ISSN: 1829-7722</a> </p> https://jurnal.pei-pusat.org/index.php/jei/article/view/686 Pengaruh iradiasi sinar gamma [60Co] terhadap kutudaun Macrosiphoniella sanborni (Gillette) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) dan kualitas bunga potong krisan (Chrysanthemum morifolium var. Jimba Lima) 2021-12-22T09:25:48+00:00 Sri Endang Purwanti sriendangrosandialah@gmail.com Idham Sakti Harahap idham@biotrop.org Dadang Dadang dadang4264@gmail.com Murni Indarwatmi murninda@gmail.com <p>Chrysanthemum cut flower is a popular flower that has economic values. Infestation of <em>Macrosiphoniella sanborni </em>(Gillette) on chrysanthemum cut flowers can reduce the aesthetics of the flower, cause economic loss, and impose restriction in the internasional trading. The aim of this research was to determine the effective dose of [<sup>60</sup>Co] gamma irradiation in controlling <em>M. sanborni </em>on chrysanthemum cut flower and to evaluate the effect on quality of chrysanthemum cut flower (<em>Chrysanthemum morifolium</em> cv. Jimba Lima). The research was conducted in several steps: collection and mass rearing of <em>M. sanborni</em>, relative toxicity test of [<sup>60</sup>Co] gamma irradiation against <em>M. sanborni</em>, sublethal dose test on adults, and evaluation of the effect on the quality of cut flower. The dosages used in relative toxicity and sublethal experiment were 50–200 Gy and 200–250 Gy. The results showed that the LD<sub>99</sub> value of adult was 1,092.982 Gy. A sublethal dose test was performed because <em>C. morifolium</em> cv. Jimba Lima has radiotolerance with dose below 300 Gy. The effective dose of [<sup>60</sup>Co] gamma irradiation against <em>M. sanborni</em> was 200 Gy. Application of this dose on first instar nymph showed the survival development reached only until the third instar nymph and it reached the adult stage when applied on second, third, and fourth instar nymphs. Application on the adult stage showed that the aphids can still reproduce first progenies but only in a small number (5.35%). Application of 200 Gy did not have negative effect on the quality of chrysanthemum cut flower within 9 days.</p> 2022-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Sri Endang Purwanti, Idham Sakti Harahap, Dadang, Murni Indarwatmi https://jurnal.pei-pusat.org/index.php/jei/article/view/716 Ekspresi morfologi tiga jenis jeruk sebagai indikator ketahanan terhadap serangan Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks) (Acari: Tarsonemidae) 2022-02-16T08:02:23+00:00 Susi Wuryantini susiwur@gmail.com Otto Endarto endarto11@gmail.com Muhammad Ihsan susi_wur@yahoo.com Hasim Ashari susi_wur@yahoo.com <p>One of the important pests of citrus seeds is <em>citrus silver mites</em> (CSM) <em>Polyphagotarsonemus latus </em>(Banks) (Acari: Tarsonemidae). This study aimed to examine the effect of CSM attack on leaf morphology and resistance level of three citrus species. Three types of citrus, namely Tangerine, Mandarin, and Sweet Orange were used as test plants. The shoots of the three types of citrus were tested for nutritional content and five CSM individuals were invested on young leaves that were approximately 10 days old. Observations of CSM population were made 7 days after the investment (DAI) and further observations were carried out every 4 days. The results showed that the lowest abundance of TPJ at 23 DAI was found in type of Tangerine (0.5 ± 0.38 individual) and Mandarin (0.25 ± 0.16 individual). The population of CSM increased at 11 to 15 DAI, and began to decline at 19 DAI. Based on the Pearson correlation analysis, the abundance of CSM was influenced by the fat content and crude fiber content of the leaves. Observations also showed that the Sweet type was more resistant than other types. It can be concluded that the Sweet Orange is more resistant than the Tangerine and Mandarin species.</p> 2022-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Susi Wuryantini, Otto Endarto, Muhammad Ihsan, Hasim Ashari https://jurnal.pei-pusat.org/index.php/jei/article/view/675 Keanekaragaman, komposisi spesies, dan kunci identifikasi lalat buah (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) di Pulau Lombok 2021-12-30T18:01:00+00:00 Syarron Hudiwaku hudiwakusyarron@gmail.com Toto Himawan totohimawan@yahoo.co.id Akhmad Rizali arizali@ub.ac.id <p>Information about fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) diversity in Lombok island is still lacking. This study was aimed to determine the diversity and species composition of the Dacinae fruit flies as well as developed the identification key of fruit flies in Lombok island. The research was conducted in 6 locations i.e., Nature Park (NP) of Kerandangan, NP of Suranadi, Lemor forest, Gangga garden, Lingsar garden, dan Lemor garden, spread across the island of Lombok from March to June 2020. Each location consisted of 6 observation plots using the transect method as far as one kilometer with a distance between the plots of 200 m. Fruit flies were collected using a steiner type trap with different attractants i.e. namely methyl eugenol (ME) and cue lure (CL). Identification of fruit flies were carried out at the Plant Quarantine Laboratory, Balai Karantina Pertanian Kelas I Mataram. Overall 22 species from 210,267 individuals of fruit flies were collected with 4 dominance species were <em>Bactrocera limbifera, B. caudata, B. carambolae,</em> and <em>B. dorsalis</em>. The most abundant spesies was <em>B. carambolae</em> which comprises 47% of the total population. Based on 22 species that recorded in this research, the identification key of fruit flies in Lombok Island was constructed. A dichotomous key is provided that describes 2 genera, 4 subgenus, and 22 species of fruit flies. The identification key uses a morphological character matrix, by comparing several key morphological characters in determining species of fruit flies.</p> 2022-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Syarron Hudiwaku, Toto Himawan, Akhmad Rizali https://jurnal.pei-pusat.org/index.php/jei/article/view/715 Identifikasi berbasis karakter molekuler Nucleopolyhedrovirus pada larva Helicoverpa armigera Hubner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) asal Bogor, Jawa Barat 2022-06-13T09:39:14+00:00 R. Yayi Munara Kusumah yayiku@apps.ipb.ac.id Trendy Hartanto yayiku@apps.ipb.ac.id Fitrianingrum Kurniawati fitrianingrum@apps.ipb.ac.id <p>Nucleopolyhedrovirus (NPV) is a potential biological control agent recommended to control corn cob borer larvae (Helicoverpa armigera Huber). NPV characters can be studied using various detection and identification methods. One technique to study the character of NPV is polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by analysis of the results of nucleotide and amino acid sequences. The molecular character of NPV in infected H. armigera larvae in corn plantations in Cibeureum Village, Dramaga District, Bogor Regency using DNA polymerase partial gene sequences needs to be done. The methods used to study the character of the NPV consisted of DNA isolation using a modified CTAB method, partial gene amplification of DNA polymerase using HearNPVF1 and HearNPVR1, and analysis of the level of homology of nucleotide and amino acid sequences compared to other countries and phylogeny. PCR amplification using specific primers was successfully carried out with the HearNPV DNA polymerase partial gene DNA band measuring about 1,200 bp. Phylogenetic analysis was also successfully carried out and showed that there was a high relationship between HearNPV isolates from Indonesia (Bogor, West Java) and NPV isolates that infect Helicoverpa from other countries such as: Spain, Australia, the Netherlands, India, Brazil, Russia, and China with nucleotide and amino acid homology values ​​of 99%. HearNPV isolates from Bogor were in the same group as NPVs that attacked the Genus <em>Helicoverpa</em> from other countries, while NPVs from other genera were in separate groups based on phylogenetic analysis using Mega 7 software.</p> 2022-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 R. Yayi Munara Kusumah, Trendy Hartanto, Fitrianingrum Kurniawati https://jurnal.pei-pusat.org/index.php/jei/article/view/688 Kumbang pemakan daun palem Pelagodoxa henryana Becc. di Kebun Raya Bogor, Indonesia 2022-07-05T00:18:57+00:00 Nadzirum Mubin mubin.nadzirum@apps.ipb.ac.id Fitri Fatma Wardani mubin.nadzirum@apps.ipb.ac.id Rizmoon Nurul Zulkarnaen mubin.nadzirum@apps.ipb.ac.id Inggit Puji Astuti mubin.nadzirum@apps.ipb.ac.id Joko Ridho Witono mubin.nadzirum@apps.ipb.ac.id <p>Bogor Botanical Garden (BBG) is a conservation site with various type of collections such as threatened palm species, including <em>Pelagodoxa henryana</em> Becc. which has been categorized as critically endangered species. During its development, some of the plants did not grow optimal due to insect pests attack. The purpose of the study was to identify insect pest species that attack the <em>P. henryana</em> in BBG. The method used was observation with purposive sampling on eight palms <em>P. henryana</em> in BBG then insects were collected and identified. The results showed that insect pest attacked young leaf and also unopened leaf. The insects hide between the leaves, causing young leaves became dry up then died. Based on species identification, two leaf beetles were found i.e., <em>Brontispa longissima</em> (Gestro) and <em>Wallacea</em> sp. (Coleoptera: Chrysomellidae).</p> 2022-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Nadzirum Mubin, Fitri Fatma Wardani, Rizmoon Nurul Zulkarnaen, Inggit Puji Astuti, Joko Ridho Witono https://jurnal.pei-pusat.org/index.php/jei/article/view/604 Keanekaragaman dan kelimpahan kumbang daun (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) pada empat tipe penggunaan lahan yang berbeda di Taman Nasional Bukit Duabelas dan Hutan Harapan, Provinsi Jambi 2020-11-19T09:56:44+00:00 Rosyid Amrulloh rosyid_45@apps.ipb.ac.id Woro Anggraitoningsih Noerdjito woronoerdjito@gmail.com Bonjok Istiaji damayanti@apps.ipb.ac.id Purnama Hidayat damayanti@apps.ipb.ac.id Damayanti Buchori damayanti@apps.ipb.ac.id <p>Deforestation has a negative impact toward ecosystem and diversity. Landuse change has been known to negatively impact insect like ant and beetle in Jambi Province. This research aims to study the diversity, abundance, and composition of the leaf beetle in the Bukit Duabelas National Park (TNBD) and Harapan Forest landscape. Insect sampling was carried out using canopy fogging method. Four core plots were determined in each land use (as replicates) and each plot consist of three as subplot. Insect was collected in 16 traps (size 1 m x 1 m) that was installed under plant canopy prior to fogging process. The collected sample was sorted and identified in the Biocontrol Laboratory, Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University. Total of 1,040 individuals leaf beetles were collected, belonging to 6 subfamilies and 127 morphospecies. The result of this research showed that a different lanscape has no effect give impact to insect abundance. Different landuse however does significantly impact the abundance and diversity of leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).</p> 2022-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Rosyid Amrulloh, Woro Anggraitoningsih Noerdjito, Bonjok Istiaji, Purnama Hidayat, Damayanti Buchori